• Bullard Conley posted an update 6 months, 2 weeks ago

    After the defeat with the September Campaign of 1939, when Polish soldiers had attempted to repel the German invasion, the town of Oswiecim and the surrounding areas were incorporated inside Third Reich. At the same time its name was changed to Auschwitz. By the end of 1939, on the SS and Police Headquarters in Wroclaw (Braslau), the concept of starting a concentration camp had also been proposed. The state run justification for this plan scaled like the overcrowding from the existing prisons in Silesia, and also on the necessity of conducting further waves of mass arrest one of the Polish inhabitants each of Silesia along with the remainder of German-occupied Poland.

    Several special committees were convened, whose task it was to think about the most favorable place for this type of camp. The greatest choice fell upon the deserted pre-war Polish barracks in Oswiecim. Situated far from the developed section of the town, they might with ease be expanded and isolated externally world. Take into consideration not without significance was the convenient position of Oswiecim – an import and railway junction – within the existing communications network.

    Your order to proceed with promises to found a camp was handed in April 1940, and Rudolf Hoss was appointed its first commandant. On June 14, 1940, the Gestapo dispatched the first political prisoners to KL Auschwitz – 728 Poles from Tarnow. Initially the camp comprised 20 buildings – 14 at walk out and 6 by having an upper floor. In the period from 1941 to 1942 another story was included with all ground-floor buildings and eight new blocks were constructed, using the prisoners because the employees. Altogether the camp now contained 28 one-story buildings ( excluding kitchens, storehouses etc. ) The normal amount of prisoners fluctuated between 13-16.000, reaching at one stage ( during 1942 ) accurate documentation total of 20.000 people. These were accommodated from the blocks, where even cellares and lofts were put to use for this function.

    Because the quantity of inmates increased, the spot covered by the camp also, grew, until it turned out turned into a gigantic and horrific factory of death. The monstrosity in Oswiecim – KL Auschwitz I – became the parent or "Stammlager" to a whole generation of recent camps. In 1941 regarding a second camp, later called Auschwitz II-Birkenau, was commenced from the village of Brzezinka 3 kilometers away plus 1942 the camp in Monowice near Oswiecim-KL Auschwitz III-was established around the territory in the German chemical plant IG-Farbenindustrie. Furthermore, throughout the years 1942-1944, about 40 smaller branches in the Auschwitz complex came to exist these fell beneath the jurisdiction of KL Auschwitz III and were situated mainly nearby steelworks, mines and factories, where prisoners were exploited as cheap labour.

    The camp ground in Oswiecim ( KL Auschwitz I) as well as in Brzezinka (KL Auschwitz II – Birkenau) are maintained as museums offered to the population. The most important constructions and objects in Birkenau are the remnants of 4 crematoria, gas chambers and cremation pits and pyres, the special unloading platform were the deportees were selected and also a pond with human ashes. In Auschwitz a real construction is the "Death block."

    Furthermore in the camps are well preserved blocks as well as a section of prisoners barracks, the primary entrance gates on the camps, sentry watch towers along with barbed wire fences. Some of the constructions destroyed by the Nazis were rebuilt through the original elements – for example the ovens within the crematorium I. Some objects were completely destroyed by the SS obliterating the traces of these crimes. Inside the installments of special importance the constructions were reproduced with the museum and used in precisely the same area as they were in the presence of the Auschwitz camp. Especially these are the "Death wall" as well as the collective gallows at the role-call ground.

    The prison blocks from the camp at Auschwitz contain exhibitions portraying the history of Auschwitz or hearing aid technology torments of the numerous nations whose everyone was murdered here. Above the main gate at Auschwitz – in which the prisoners passed daily on their way to function (returning 12 hours or higher later) there is a cynical inscription: "Arbeit macht frei" (Work brings freedom). as well as on the little square by the kitchen the camp ground orchestra would play marsches, mustering the thousands of prisoners in order that they could possibly be counted better by the SS.

    That is the short information regarding a camp as well as what you are going to expect when you are there.

    Salt Mine in Wieliczka is another part tours in a day.

    Wieliczka Salt Mine near Krakow remembers the times in the Dark ages. It one of many world’s oldest salt mine in the world. This can be the only mining facility in the world functioning continuously since Old for this, allowing the evolution of mining technology in various historical periods. Wieliczka Salt Mine is about 300 km of excavation on 9 levels, the initial ones – the amount of Bono – visits a depth of 64 meters, even though the latter lies 327 meters beneath the surface. Total amount of sidewalks, connecting about 3000 excavation (sidewalks, ramps, service chambers, lakes, wells, shafts), exceeds 300 km. The tourist route is 3 km, is made up of 20 chambers located at depths from 64 to 135 meters.

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